Los límites de la causalidad probabilística en derecho

  • Ignacio N. Cofone Universidad McGill
Palabras clave: causalidad, responsabilidad, causalidad probabilística, derecho de responsabilidad civil, eficiencia

Resumen

El criterio que se debe utilizar para evaluar causalidad continúa siendo controvertido. El análisis económico del derecho propone el uso de la causalidad probabilística como criterio rector, lo cual sugiere la eliminación de criterios de causalidad binarios. Esto lleva a explicaciones que violan nuestras intuiciones, que no explican la toma de decisiones judicial y que se consideran injustas. Este artículo propone que ni la causalidad binaria ni la probabilística pueden brindar una respuesta satisfactoria para todos los supuestos. La causalidad probabilística funciona para los enunciados causales generales (tipos de enunciados en los que está involucrada la formulación de reglas), mientras que los criterios binarios funcionan mejor para los enunciados causales singulares (tipos de enunciados que generalmente abordan los tribunales).

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Biografía del autor/a

Ignacio N. Cofone, Universidad McGill

Profesor adjunto en McGill University Faculty of Law. Affiliated Fellow en Yale Law School Information Society Project.

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Publicado
2021-12-02
Cómo citar
Cofone, I. N. (2021). Los límites de la causalidad probabilística en derecho. Revista Jurídica Austral, 2(2), 515-549. https://doi.org/10.26422/RJA.2021.0202.cof
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